Ixtoc I

El 3 de junio de 1978 se produjo el mayor vertido de todos los tiempos. El pozo petrolifero Ixtoc 1, situado en la Bahia de Campeche en el Golfo de Mexico, se incendia y se derumba mientras es perforado. El 23 de marzo del año siguiente, tras 294 dias de incesante trabajo se consigue taponar la fuga. Se han vertido 530000 toneladas de crudo.

Ixtoc I

Sobre vertidos, aquí hay algunas herramientas gratis del NOAA.

  • ADIOS2 Automated Data Inquiry for Oil Spills (ADIOS) is an oil weathering model that incorporates an extensive database of crude oils and refined products, and provides quick estimates of the expected changes in an oil’s properties once it has spilled.
  • Electronic ICS Forms Electronic versions of the Incident Command System (ICS) forms that are used by people responding to oil spills or hazardous chemical accidents, as well as other kinds of emergencies. We offer them in two formats: database or PDF.
  • ESI Toolkit Tools to help ESI users view and query the ESI atlases that have been published in ESRI geodatabase format.
  • GNOME The General NOAA Oil Modeling Environment (GNOME) is a free computer program you can use to predict the trajectory of oil spilled in a particular scenario.
  • New ESI Map Format Now Available Environmental Sensitivity Index (ESI) atlases are now available in geodatabase format!
  • Spill Tools A set of free programs designed for oil spill planners and responders, which you can download and use.
  • Trajectory Analysis Planner (TAP) A software tool designed to help contingency planners protect regions against likely spills.

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